Knowing Socrates, the great Primordial Master
Wishdom Wallpapers @ Socrates
Socrates was a classical Greek (Athenian) philosopher credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy. He is an enigmatic figure known chiefly through the accounts of classical writers, especially the writings of his students Plato and Xenophon and the plays of his contemporary Aristophanes.
Socrates did not write anything of his own, all the direct information about him and his ideas and thoughts depend upon secondary sources. Understanding Socrates as an individual and appreciating his exact philosophical stand-point and views, therefore, relies upon these sources, but comparison of the details of the sources reveals contradictions, thus creating a conflictual problem in reliably knowing the actual Socrates, this issue is known as the Socratic problem, or the Socratic question.
To understand Socrates and his thought, one must turn primarily to the works of Plato, whose dialogues are thought the most informative source about Socrates’ life and philosophy, and also Xenophon. These writings are the Sokratikoi logoi, or Socratic dialogues, which consist of reports of conversations apparently involving Socrates.